Indonesia is the largest archipelagic country with 13,466 islands, about 6,000 of which are inhabited, with a total population of 260 million people. There are innumerable places to visit if you choose to travel to Indonesia. The country’s surface totals up to 1,919,440 square kilometers (741,050 sq mi), making Indonesia the world’s 15th-largest country and world’s 7th-largest country in terms of combined land and national sea area. At 4,884 meters (16,024 ft), Puncak Jaya (Papua) is Indonesia’s highest peak, and Lake Toba in Sumatra its largest lake, with an area of 1,145 square kilometers (442 sq mi).
Indonesia consists of hundreds of different native ethnic and linguistic groups. It’s a country of unique diversity and it prides itself because of this. Indonesia’s national motto, “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” means “Unity in Diversity” literally meaning, “many, yet one”, briefly describes the nation’s ideology.
Indonesia has the second highest level of biodiversity in the world. It is home to many life forms. Its fauna and flora is a combination of Asian and Australasian species, home to large species such as tigers, rhinoceros, orangutans, elephants, leopards, and komodo dragons. Its tropical climate combined with its archipelagic geography allows the growth of tens of thousands of different flowers, trees, and other life forms that appear surreal to the human eye. Indonesia also has a huge range of coastal ecosystems, ranging from beaches, coral reefs, and estuaries to sand dunes, mangroves, seagrass beds, coastal mudflats, tidal flats, algal beds, and much more.
The urban centers are also miracles of their own. Vibrant and busy, the cities are an excellent destination for tourists. It combines the occidental characteristics with the traditional Asian architecture and infrastructure. The most predominant method of transportation is the road transportation. Most cities have well-developed transport systems that can take you anywhere in the country.
The political climate is stable and the nation is deemed safe for tourists. Basic precautions are needed as in all cities around the world. Indonesia has zero tolerance for the manufacturing, possession, and trafficking of drugs, many offenses carry the death penalty, so don’t get involved in these kinds of activities.
The predominant religion is Islam which accounts for 87.2% of the population. The religion was adopted in the 13th century and it’s fascinating to see the influences that Islam had in this Asian country. The country is mostly moderate and guarantees religious freedom, as well as press and media freedom.
Martial arts, music, and dancing are also cultural staples of Indonesia. As everything else in Indonesia, it reflects the various influences it received along its historical existence. Many instruments and art techniques are exclusive to this nation and cannot be seen in other parts of the world.
The cuisine is exceptional, unique, tasty, and very healthy. With more than 300 ethnic groups and a history filled with various influences, the cuisine represents the country’s diversity and ingenuity. Rice is the staple food, usually served with meat and vegetables as side dishes. Spices, fish, chicken, and coconut milk are also fundamental ingredients.
Backpacker tours in Indonesia are very common with around 220,000 British nationals visiting every year and the vast majority of the visits are trouble free.